City of the Puglia, capoluogo of province. Situated to the bottom of a wide insenatura, on one small peninsula that divides the two arms of sea calls Breast of Levant and Breast to you of Placing, Brindisi constitutes the optimal natural port (surest of the low Italian Adriatic), very protect from a group of small islands and communicating with the external sea through the Pigonati channel. The new city has extended but beyond the peninsula, above all in direction SW, along l`asse viario and railway Brindisi-Taranto. Of ancient origin, It is drunk a toast acquired great importance after the conquest from part of Rome, to which it was connected with the way Appia, whose columns finish them they are still visible near the sea. Divenne therefore the main roman port towards l`Oriente, carrying out a prominent role is like center trades them, is like military base. They followed centuries of great forfeiture, interrupted from one short resumption during the dominations normanna and sveva, caused from several reasons: barbaric invasions, pillages of the Saraceni, raids of the pirati ones, interramento of the port and spread of the malaria, oltreché two rovinosi earthquakes.
Reduced little more than a village (still in 1861 it did not catch up the 10 000 ab., while it counted some more than 50 000 nell`epoca roman), fast economic resumption in concomitanza with l`annessione to Reign d`Italia (1860) and with l`apertura of Suez Canal (1869 Is drunk a toast began one still more). The city divenne therefore obliged passage in the communications between l`Europa western and l`Oriente (the so-called “Suitcase of the Indians”). Today characterized economic structure Is drunk a toast has one, like in the past, from its harbour function. The traffic goodses is constituted for approximately l`80% from oil products that feed some petrochemical plants (the main one are that one of the Montedison), while the movement fleeting is absorbed nearly for entire from the ferries with Greece. Beyond harbour all`attività, the city carries out functions of administrative center, agricultural market of the hinterland and, more recently, than industrial pole. The hole, the tempio is drunk a toast to roman conserve some vestigia (, the terme), but its monuments more important are those than medieval age: the Castle of Federico of Svevia, the Romanesque churches of Saint Giovanni to the Sepolcro, Lucia Saint, Saint Benedict and, near the channel of the port, the gotica Romanesque church of Saint Maria of Country house, with an elegant facade policroma.